German International Development Corporation (GIZ), Eschborn, Germany
Review and analysis of the current situation of human-elephant conflicts and the mitigation strategies used, including HEC monitoring, technical and financial strategies as well as cultural, social and political dimensions.
Desktop study and literature review which relates to the current situation of conflicts between people and elephants in all 36 African elephant range countries and more than 20 qualitative interviews with representatives of different organisations and institutions.
Human-elephant conflict (HEC) includes crop and property damage and human fatalities on the one hand and retaliation and decreased tolerance on the other hand. It is a complex issue, involving not only behavioural and ecological aspects of a highly intelligent species but also social, cultural, political and economic levels. Strategies on the management of HEC need to take into consideration its complexity on all levels, closely monitor effects and changes and adapt management strategies accordingly.